Category Archives: English Form 1

Instructions of Making Durian Dodol

Instructions of Making Durian Dodol

First, you must prepare its ingredient. Get some special variety of durians. You can either buy them at the market, stalls or from night market. It is now fruit season. Cut the durian fruits open, carefully. Do not hurt yourself as they have sharp thorns. You will see the durian flesh inside.  Then, take the durian flesh and remove the seeds. Later, put the flesh into a large bowl.  You must add, 8 cups of sugar, 2 litres of coconut milk and a kilogram of flour. Stir the mixture well.

After that, get the stove ready and you must light up the woods on fire. When the fire is lit, put the pan or the pot on the stove. Pour the mixture into the pan or pot. Make sure the fire is slow. Stir the mixture with a wooden spatula; do not dip your bare hands into the hot durian dodol. When it turns dark brown and thick, let the fire becomes smaller. When the fire is off, you must leave the durian dodol becomes cool. Finally, put the durian dodol into the mengkuang or pandan leaves baskets.

(190 words)

SCHOOL-BASED ORAL ASSESSMENT

Introduction

The School-Base Oral Assessment (SBOA) consists of 5 Models. This section provides you with practices to help you prepare for the assessment.

The test assesses the candidates’ ability to:

  • use vocabulary and grammar accurately and correctly in context.
  • respond to enquiries made using the correct pronunciation, intonation, rhythm and grammar.
  • respond orally and express thoughts and feelings meaningfully in various given situations
  • express ideas in context
  • give relevant information politely in response to enquiries made

TIPS

Here are  some tips to help you do well in the assessment.

  • Choose an activity or topic you are familiar with.
  • Prepare and practice at home or in front of  afriend.
  • Use correct pronunciation when you speak.
  • Check that your talk is free-error and seek the help of your teacher or a friend to go over your written piece before you present it.
  • Speak with confidence. You need some practice.
  • Do not memorize what you want to say so that you do not panic or forget the point.
  • Write your points on small cards. Refer to them if you forget during the presentation.

The format of School  Based  Oral  Assessment

MODEL Description of Activity Examples
MODEL 1 

Student – teacher

Students are given a visual stimulus and are required to answer questions posed by the teacher.
  • Presenting information from non-linear forms, e.g. timetables, charts, train schedules, comic strips, pictures
  • Giving descriptions
MODEL 2 

Student-listerner

The student presents information, story or poem to another student based on topic given or stimulus.
  • Talking and sharing information
  • Story –telling
  • Public speaking
  • Poem recital
MODEL 3 

Student-Prompter

The student chooses a partner and the teacher assesses students.
  • Presenting information from a picture
  • Giving descriptions
  • Narrating
  • Giving opinions
MODEL 4 

Pair work

The student chooses a partner and the teacher acts as a prompter.
  • Talking and sharing information
  • Asking and giving directions/instructions
  • Making enquiries
MODEL 5 

Group work

Students are put into groups of 3 or 4. Students choose their own group members. Teacher assesses students.
  • Talking and sharing information
  • Giving opinions
  • Justifying and giving reasons and explanations

MODEL 1

Student- Teacher

TOPIC : FAMOUS PERSONALITY

Visual stimulus.

1A


1B

  1. Who is the celebrity shown in this poster?
  2. What game does he represent for the country?
  3. Do you think playing game is beneficial? Give one reason.
  4. What game do you like to play?
  5. How can games help you?

TOPIC: OCCUPATION

Visual stimulus.

  1. Who are these people in picture A? Describe what they do.
  2. Who are these people in picture C?  Tell, me what they normally do.
  3. Why is travelling by plane  fun? What place or country you would like to visit?
  4. How do you make booking to travel to another place? State the various means.
  5. When you grow up, what  do you want to be? (What is your ambition?)

MODEL 2 Student-Listener

1. STORY TELLING

Visual stimulus.

Teacher gives a series of pictues. He asks the student to tell a story to his /her partner based on the pictures.

2. POEM RECITAL

Student choose his/her own poem.

a. The Dead Crow ~ by A. Samad Said

b. Life Brief Candle ~

c.  Lake of Innisfree

d. The River

3. DESCRIBING PLACES


Assessment:

Teacher assesses on the activity.

Grammar

The common mistakes

Students tend to do mistake when speaking and writing in English because of their mother tongue.

1. Word omission: The words that are left out in the sentences such as articles “ a, an, the” , prepositions of place, prepositions of time, prepositions of manner, etc.

2. Transpose: The placing of subject and object,

3. Wrong Word Use: words sounds the same (homonyms)

Exercise 1: Read each sentence given below carefully.  Identify the word that has been left out by underlining it. Rectify or insert the correct word at the place where you think is suitable.

1.     I’am going there now.                                                                              __________

2.     Last holidays I went to my uncle house at fishing village.               __________

3.     My mothers’ brother is always quarrelling with her.                      __________

4.     Rudolf Rassendyll sister in law, Rose always scold him.                  __________

5.     Many people go beach every Fridays and Saturdays.                     __________

6.     The baby crying because he hungry.                                                    __________

7.     When I free time, I will come to your house.                                     __________

8.     Zoo is place where wild animals are kept.                                          __________

9.     Never feed animals when you at the zoo.                                          __________

10.  You must buy a ticket before entering cinema.                                 _________

Practise 1: Form One’s novel

Practise 1:

From the novel Journey To The Centre of The Earth written by Jules Verne, write out an interesting event in not less than 50 words. Provide an evidence to support your answer.

Model Answer

An event that I think is most interesting is at the beginning of the novel, Journey to The Center of The Earth, by Jules Verne. In Chapter Two, the story begins when Professor Lindenbrock and Axel travel for ten days by ship before reaching Iceland. Professor Lidenbrock employs, Hans Bjelke, as their guide on their adventure. Gathering supplies, the trio depart for Mt. Sneffels, the point through which they can gain access to the core of the earth. Ten days later, on Monday, June 29th, they reach the top of Mount Sneffel. The shadow of the afternoon sun shows which crater they should descend.

It makes me keep on reading till the end, this novel is an adventure thriller and is set in 1862.

 

Model answer 2:

The most eventful part in the story, Journey To The Centre  of The Earth is in Chapter 4 when Hans finds an underground river and the trios quench their thirst. Jules Verne wrote, On Thursday, July 9, they continue on with their journey. By the next evening the professor estimates their position to be 90 miles southeast of Mount Sneffels and eight miles deep. They also come to an abyss and make their way down a naturally formed staircase. On Sunday, July 12, they climb down about 20 miles. Over the next two weeks they climb down deeper and deeper into the earth. On Thursday, August 6, Axel finds himself alone. In desperation he retraces his steps but becomes hopelessly lost. I found it is very interesting because they were lost in the cavern and the characters tries to find their way out.  This novels taught me a few lessons  and the main character, Professor Otto Lidenbrock   is an intelligent, determined and adventurous scientist. I also like Axel Lidenbrock who is a faithful and loyal nephew. He is young and easily but scared.

 

Journey To The Centre of The Earth

Journey To The Centre of The Earth by Jules Verne


This book is about the quest to the centre of the earth. The expedition is led by Professor Otto Lidenbrock and includes Axel and their Icelandic guide Hans. Lidenbrock stumbles upon this discovery when he was going through a runic script. In the runic script he discovers a coded message written by an Icelandic alchemist Arne Saknussemm, saying that he has been to the centre of the earth. He goes on to describe how exactly he did it. So Professor Otto Lidenbrock, Axel, and Hans go to Sneffels where they are let down by cloudy skies. But on the last day the sun comes out and they enter the correct crater. Once in they face many mishaps like being in a chamber filled with combustible gas and face several prehistoric creatures. After the journey they return to Hamburg to great acclaim–Professor Lidenbrock is hailed as one of the greatest scientists of history, Axel marries his sweetheart Graüben, and Hans eventually returns to his peaceful life in Iceland. ~ Submitted by Anonymous

“A Journey to the Center of the Earth” by Jules Verne is about Professor Hardwigg (Professor Otto Lindenbrock in French version) and his nephew, Harry (Axel) set off on a journey with their Icelandic guide, Hans, to find the center of the earth. Professor Hardwigg purchases a book and finds runic writing inside. He and his nephew decode it, finding it was by a man named Arne Saknussem, who claims to have made it to the center. They follow the instructions (Harry silently regretting most of the time) and set off for their perilous journey.–Submitted by Anonymous

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PLOT SUMMARY

Chapter 1 – A Great Discovery

Hamburg, Germany, May 1862, Professor Lidenbrock and his nephew, Axel, decoded a message written 300 years ago by a famous Icelandic explorer, Arne Saknussemm. In his coded message, Arne Saknussem wrote that he had been to the center of the earth and he went on to describe how he did it. Brushing aside the concerns of his nephew, the Professor insists that Axel accompany him on the expedition. Sadly, Axel takes his leave from his beloved Gretchen.

Chapter 2 – Our Journey Begins

Professor Lindenbrock and Axel travel for ten days by ship before reaching Iceland. Professor Lidenbrock employs, Hans Bjelke, as their guide on their adventure. Gathering supplies, the trio depart for Mt. Sneffels, the point through which they can gain access to the core of the earth. Ten days later, on Monday, June 29th, they reach the top of Mount Sneffel. The shadow of the afternoon sun shows which crater they should descend.

Chapter 3 – Into the Earth

The trio descend into the crater and they travel downward until they reach the bottom of the pit. There are two tunnels and the Professor chooses the one on the right. After several days trekking underground and almost out of water, they have to retrace their steps because the path leads to a dead end. Finally returning to the beginning of the two tunnels, Axel collapses and assumes they will return to the surface. Although the Professor shows concern for Axel, he asks for one more day to find water before they abandon the journey. On Wednesday, July8,  they descend into the second tunnel and emerge into a chamber of clear white mica. The chamber resembles a giant diamond cavern.

Chapter 4 – Lost

Hans finds an underground river and they quench their thirst. On Thursday, July 9, they continue on with their journey. By the next evening the professor estimates their position to be 90 miles southeast of Mount Sneffels and eight miles deep. They come to an abyss and make their way down a naturally formed staircase. On Sunday, July 12, they climb down about 20 miles. Over the next two weeks they climb down deeper and deeper into the earth. On Thursday, August 6, Axel finds himself alone. In desperation he retraces his steps but becomes hopelessly lost.

Chapter 5 – The Great Sea

It is only after much suffering that Axel is reunited with his uncle and Hans. They can hear the sound of waves. In fact, the three have arrived at a vast underground body of water which is given the name Lidenbrock Sea. Exploring the area around the sea, the travellers find what looks like a forest of giant mushrooms. They also see ferns as tall as trees and a mastodon skeleton. On Tuesday, August 11, the Professor decides that they must cross the ocean. Hans builds a raft from giant reeds and a sail from a sleeping rug. On Thursday, August 13, they push out to sea leaving behind the shore which they named Port Gretchen. The raft moves quickly and they travel about 75 miles in 24 hours. On Friday, August 14, Hans drops a hook and soon a fish is caught. It is an ancient species long extinct in the world above and they cook it for their meal. The professor wants to learn the depth of the sea so Hans attaches a pickaxe to a long rope and throws it overboard. When Hans retrieves the pickaxe it bears marks that look like teeth. On Tuesday, August 18, two huge sea monsters surface, battle, and almost swamp the raft. On Friday, August 21, a storm hits them. The raft is eventually cast up on a rocky shore in the midst of the storm and Hans carries Axel to safety. As the storm dies down they find, to their dismay, that they have been carried back to the same shore from which they left.

Chapter 6 – The Boiling Tunnel

Exploring an area which is farther along the shore than their starting point, the Professor and Axel find a huge field of bones. The Professor is delighted when they find a human skull. Continuing their exploration they come across a vast forest of prehistoric plants. They spot gigantic mastodons and in the distance see a twelve-foot tall human being. Afraid of confrontation, they leave the area. Going back to the shore they find a huge rock, with the initials A. S. carved on it, beside the entrance to a dark tunnel. With evidence that Arne Saknussemm has traveled this way, they enter the passage only to discover that it is blocked by a big boulder. They decide to blast the boulder using gunpowder. They set the charge and retreat to the raft. The explosion opens a deep hole that lets in the underground sea. They and their raft are swept along with the rushing waters. They head up the tunnel at an amazing speed. They ascend swiftly as the waters push up the raft along a narrow shaft. Axel worries about the rising temperature. The trio soon discover that the water beneath the raft is boiling hot. Finally Axel sees a tiny circle of light above. The professor realizes that they are inside an erupting volcano which leads out to the earth’s surface. They land outside the volcano. While making their way down, they learn from a young shepherd that they are on the island of Stromboli in Italy. They have entered the earth by one volcano and come out by another, over 3,000 miles apart. Four months after discovering Arne Saknussemm’s coded message they return to Hamburg where the trio are treated like heroes and the Professor’s achievements are recognized.  Gigantic mastodons and in the distance see a twelve-foot tall human being. Afraid of confrontation, they leave the area. Going back to the shore they find a huge rock, with the initials A. S. carved on it, beside the entrance to a dark tunnel. With evidence that Arne Saknussemm has traveled this way, they enter the passage only to discover that it is blocked by a big boulder. They decide to blast the boulder using gunpowder. They set the charge and retreat to the raft. The explosion opens a deep hole that lets in the underground sea. They and their raft are swept along with the rushing waters. They head up the tunnel at an amazing speed. They ascend swiftly as the waters push up the raft along a narrow shaft. Axel worries about the rising temperature. The trio soon discover that the water beneath the raft is boiling hot.
ELEMENTS

SETTING

This adventure story is set in 1862 when there were no modern facilities. The story starts in Hamburg, Germany and the journey takes Lidenbrock and Axel to Iceland where they meet Hans and together they go below the earth’s surface. After four months, they get blown out of the center earth in Sicily before they finally make their way back to Hamburg, Germany.

CHARACTERS

Professor Otto Lidenbrock  - An intelligent, determined and adventurous scientist

Axel Lidenbrock – A faithful and loyal nephew. He is young and easily scared.

Hans Bjelke – A brave Danish guide. He is very quiet but is always

on hand to save the other two explorers.

Gretchen  - A young woman who loves Axel.

CHARACTERS

Professor Otto Lidenbrock

-An intelligent, determined and adventurous scientist

Axel Lidenbrock

-A faithful and loyal nephew. He is young and easily

scared.

Hans Bjelke

-A brave Danish guide. He is very quiet but is always

on hand to save the other two explorers.

Gretchen-A young woman who loves Axel.

THEMES

1. Seeking knowledge

Professor Otto Lidenbrock went on a journey to the center of the earth to seek knowledge.

2. The spirit of adventure

The trio went on an adventure and experienced wondrous sights.

3. Explorations

To explore unknown places where humans have not gone before.

4. The wonders of the human mind

The human mind is forever seeking new knowledge and the mind of Professor Lidenbrock is a good example of this.

5. The wonders of Science

There is still so much that we do not know. We have to be brave to discover new wonders of Science.

VALUES

Some values found in this graphic novel are:

1. When we really want something, we should persevere. Uncle Lidenbrock refused to listen to Axel’s excuses on why they should not go on the  journey.

2. We should not endanger others because of our passion for something. Otto Lidenbrock put Axel, Hans and himself in danger by going to the center of the earth.

3. We must dare to take risks. Otto Lidenbrock dared to go on an adventure to the center of the earth.

4. We should take the opportunity to discover the wonders of Science. The trio were willing to go down into the center of the earth to find out more about the earth beneath their feet

5. It is important to be courageous. It took a lot of courage on their part to go into the  center of the earth.

Future Tense

Simple Future Tense

To show an action in the future

1. “will” or “shall” + verb to show something that will be done or will happen in the future

2. “will” when we decide to do something now.

3. ” going to” to talk about something that we have decided to do in the future.

4. is + ing verbs form of the present continous.

Exercise 17,

Fill in the simple future tense or the going form of the verbs in brackets.

1. I am ___________(read) out the result soon.

2. Are you ______________(sell) your car. I ________________________(buit from you.

3. How are you ________________(get) there as none of us has the time to drive you?

4. He __________________(make) sure that we arrive on time for the meeting.

5. They ________________(release) the balloons when the signal is given.

6. The floor is dirty. Aren’t you _____________________(sweep)  it?

7. The bus ______________(leave) soon. You ______________(miss) it  if you do not hurry.

8. father is ______________(paint) the fence tomorrow. You  ___________(help ) him, won’t you?

9. They ____________(have) lunch at noon and ____________(start) the ceremonhy at one-thirty.

10. Both of them _______________(attend) the seminar on PMR exam on Thursday.

The Past Tense

Exercise 13.

Complete the sentences with the past tense form of the verbs in brackets.

1. The boys ___________(run) for shelter when it ___________(rain) cats and dogs.

2. We ___________(sing) and ___________(dance) until the wee hours of the morning.

3. Jason ___________ _(buy) the car on Monday and ________(give) us a ride to town the next day.

4. He always ___________(plan) the class parties) when he __________(study) here.

5. The lion _________(spring) at the hunter as he ___________(bend) down to pick up his gun.

6. Alan __________(stare) in awe at the “kavadi” carriers and then he ___________(turn) around to look at the chariots.

7. She said that she _____________(comprehend) what the teacher _______________(want) them to do.

8. You __________________(choose) the wrong clue and _______(lose) the chance of winning.

Exercise 14.

Fill in the blanks with past tense and the past continuous tense forms of the verbs in brackets.

1. The waiter _______________(put) down the dishes when I _____________(stretch) out my hand.

2. We_________________(have) breakfast when the postman ___________(come).

3. He __________(burn) his tongue while he ________________(drink) the hot coffee.

4. The wind ____________________(blow) strongly and the boats  were ________________(tug) at the ropes.

5. My dog _______________(bark) fiercely and the man ________________( call ) for help.

6. She _____________(board) the bus when I ________________(saw) her this morning.

7. Just as I _________________(start) to cook, the doorbell ________________________(rang).

8. The lady _______________________(cross) the road when the traffic light _____________________(turn) red.

9. I _______________(step) on the weighing machine and _________(cross) my fingers that my weight had not changed.

10. The boxes of goods ______________________(load) onto the lorry which __________(take) them to the port.